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The Southeast Asian ornamental plant sold in stores as "Lucky Bamboo" (Dracaena Sanderiana) is actually an entirely unrelated plant. Also, "Japanese Knotweed" (Fallopia Japonica) is sometimes mistaken for bamboo due to its appearance.
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BAMBOO (Bambusoideae) is a giant woody grass native to East Asia, Northern Australia, India, the Himalayas, sub-Saharan Africa, Argentina and Chile. There are more than 1,400 species of bamboo classified into three tribes: tropical woody (Bambuseae), temperate woody (Arundinarieae) and New World herbaceous (Olyreae).
The bamboo has long been considered the most primitive of grasses and are some of the fastest growing plants on Earth. Some species can grow 1 mm every ninety seconds or about 1.5-inches an hour. Unlike trees, bamboo emerge from the ground at their full diameter, reach their full height in one growing season and live between 5 to 7 years.